June 20, 2024


Science It Works

Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Multiple Intelligences oleh Howard Gardner - BERITA | Next Worldview -  Discovering Human Multiple Intelligence

Howard Gardner developed the theory of multiple intelligences to propose that people on the scale of all populations are not born will never have all the intelligence they will ever have. Instead, the multiple intelligences would differ according to genetics or life experiences. In addition, this theory challenges the traditional notion of general intelligence, which only focuses on cognitive abilities. Accordingly, the notion of intelligence formed by Gardner can be studied online using Luminablog.co.uk, a blog website consisting of company profiles and website descriptions to connect you to educational websites like EdPlace

What Do They Each Entail?

While Gardner evaluated each candidate’s intelligence of cognitive abilities, he developed a series of eight inclusion criteria based on various scientifically proven disciplines implemented into our educational system. For a clear insight into each intelligence, you can read ahead.


Musical intelligence consists of performance and composition confidence while comprehending your appreciation for melodic patterns. With musical intelligence, you can recognise musical rhythm, pitch, tone, and timbre.


Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence consists of using parts of your body or whole body to function and solve everyday problems such as your mouth and hands. It can include sports, self-expression for interaction, making mental notes from visuals, or performing other functions using your body as a union.


Natural intelligence deals with the ability to recognise various species and their environments, including plants, insects, animals, and weather formations, with the capability to distinguish the natural world’s changes.


Logical-mathematical intelligence is the ability to analyse problems logically, theorise and carry out mathematical problems, develop equations and solve equations, make calculations, and investigate scientific issues.


Visual-spacial is the ability to recognise and use the patterns of wide and confined spaces in artistic or practical ways. For example, sculptors, pilots, or surgeons need spatial intelligence to accomplish their everyday jobs.


Linguistic-verbal intelligence deals with the ability to learn and write languages and analyse information from books or speech and your competency to use verbal self-expression to achieve goals.


Interpersonal intelligence consists of your capability to understand and distinguish between other people’s intentions, moods, motivations, and desires to adjust and work with them.


Intrapersonal intelligence is your capacity of understanding yourself by having an adequate representation of your moods, capabilities, and fears while also having the ability to act upon those.

Why Are They Each Important?

Each Intelligence comes in handy at one point or another in life. Their importance derives from their functions because they all tie together to process and function appropriately on a day to day basis. Furthermore, the multiple intelligences rely on how each person excels in different areas. For example, a person could be excellent at musical composure but cannot theorise and apply mathematical problems to solve equations. Understanding these multiple intelligences will help students adapt to each teaching approach and use the information or material in their learning.

How to Implement All of Them Into The Education System

Cooperative learning is the most effective way to implement Gardner’s multiple intelligences into the education system. In addition, by allowing students to teach other students in solving group problems, teachers can help develop their interpersonal notion of intelligence. In addition, a classroom should have dedicated spots or areas for each intelligence. Moreover, typical classrooms only focus on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence. They need to be expanded to fit others, like using the debate to teach logic and journals, ultimately increasing their intelligence on various scales.